Nginx主机域名配置实现

一、配置多个端口访问不同文件

相同域名,不同端口,不同文件

#两个不同文件夹,分别存放不同文件
[root@nginx ~]# mkdir /www/work_01 -p
[root@nginx ~]# mkdir /www/work_02
[root@nginx ~]# vim /www/work_01/index.html 
this is work_01!
[root@nginx ~]# vim /www/work_02/index.html
this is work_02!

#编辑其中server模块,把端口80的站点指向一个文件夹,再复制这个server到下面,修改端口

[root@nginx ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
worker_processes 1;
events {
 worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
 include mime.types;
 default_type application/octet-stream;
 sendfile on;
 keepalive_timeout 65;
#80端口,指向work_01的文件夹
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name localhost;
 location / {
 root /www/work_01;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
 }
#8080端口,指向work_02的文件夹
 server {
 listen 8080;
 server_name localhost;
 location / {
 root /www/work_02;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
}
}

#浏览器访问

二、配置不同域名访问不同文件

相同端口,不同域名,不同文件

#四个文件夹,分别对应不同文件内容

[root@nginx ~]# cd /www/
[root@nginx www]# mkdir work_03
[root@nginx www]# mkdir work_04
[root@nginx www]# echo "This is work_03" > work_03/index.html
[root@nginx www]# echo "This is work_04" > work_04/index.html
[root@nginx www]# ls
work_01 work_02 work_03 work_04

#修改配置文件

[root@nginx www]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
worker_processes 1;
events {
 worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
 include mime.types;
 sendfile on;
 keepalive_timeout 65;
#通配符在后的域名
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name www.haha.*;
 location / {
 root /www/work_01;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
 }
#精确域名
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name www.haha.com;
 location / {
 root /www/work_02;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
}
#通配符在前的域名
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name *.haha.com;
 location / {
 root /www/work_03;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
}
#正则表达式域名
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name ~\w+.com;
 location / {
 root /www/work_04;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
}
}
[root@nginx www]# systemctl restart nginx

#配置宿主机host文件,在"C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts"

#访问结果

sever_name匹配顺序:

  • 精准匹配
  • 通配符开头,比如*.example.com
  • 通配符结尾,比如www.example.*
  • 正则表达式
  • 默认值

三、配置不同域名访问同个文件

相同端口,不同域名 ,同个文件

[root@nginx ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
worker_processes 1;
events {
 worker_connections 1024;
}
http {
 include mime.types;
 default_type application/octet-stream;
 sendfile on;
 keepalive_timeout 65;
#只需要在server_name再添加一个域名,不需要在复制一个server_name
 server {
 listen 80;
 server_name www.xixi.com www.qiqi.com;
 location / {
 root /www/work_01;
 index index.html index.htm;
 }
 error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
 location = /50x.html {
 root html;
 }
 }
}
[root@nginx ~]# systemctl restart nginx

#该宿主机的host文件

#访问结果如下:

作者:维运原文地址:https://blog.csdn.net/weixin_59128094/article/details/129422533

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